WATCH: Nothing Like it in the World!!!
LE JARDIN DES PAONS (1996)
While many contemporary composers are often hesitant to write for harp, perhaps due to its inherent diatonic nature, other composers like Bernard Andrès excel at it, and find ways of composing for harp that make you believe it is a chromatic instrument. Andrès is one of the most widely performed composers of harp music, and his works are regularly performed by the world’s greatest harpists. His music fuses contemporary techniques with lyrical melodies and a strong sense of form, and he seamlessly integrates French tonal tradition with a more modern atonal sensibility, creating a hybrid musical form that is all at once engaging and distinctive.
Of the two harp duos by Andrès performed this evening, Le Jardin des Paons (The Garden of Peacocks) is the most recent, having been completed in 1993. In this piece, Andrès call on the performers to execute many colorful effects, including fast enharmonic trills between two adjacent notes tuned to the same pitch, harmonics (playing strings while touching the node, creating bell-like tones that sound an octave higher), pinching instead of plucking strings, and gentle glissandos that cascade over each other, creating delicate, feathery textures.
Andrès has said that this work is inspired by the relationship between Zeus and Hera, who were not only husband and wife, but also brother and sister. (Incestuous relationships are not an unheard of phenomenon in Greek mythology, and even their parents, Cronus and Rhea, were married siblings.) Of course, since the Peacock was sacred to Hera, we have to wonder where Andrès derived the image of a garden of peacocks. In Hellenistic imagery, Hera’s chariot was said to be pulled by peacocks. The eyes in the peacock’s feathers come from Argus, whose hundred eyes were placed in the peacock’s feathers by Hera in memory of his role as the guard of Io, a lover of Zeus that Hera had punished. The eyes are also said to symbolize the vault of heaven and the “eyes” of the stars. It is not known whether Andrès was inspired by these images in particular, so we are left to our own imagination and should feel free to read into this beautiful piece in our own way.
SCORPION TALES (2012)
Gruesome creatures have always fascinated me, so when Duo Scorpio asked me if I would be interested in writing them a new piece, and their only request was that I incorporate the scorpion as a theme, I was happy to oblige.
The first movement, Trinidad Scorpion, is inspired by a fiery red pepper called the Trinidad Scorpion “Butch T”, currently the hottest pepper in the world. It measures a blistering 1,463,700 Scoville Heat Units (SHU). (A typical jalapeno pepper measures around 5,000 SHU, while a habanero pepper measures up to 350,000 SHU.) The tempo is appropriately marked con fuoco, and the contrapuntal middle section is subtly infused with Ca- lypso rhythms.
Promenade à deux is the title of the second movement, borrowed from a colorful description of the scor- pion’s complex courting and mating ritual. This begins when the male and female locate and identify each other using a mixture of pheromones and vibrational communication. The courtship starts with the male grasping the female’s pedipalps with his own; the pair then perform a “dance” called the promenade à deux. The courtship ritual can involve several other behaviours such as juddering and a cheliceral kiss, in which the male’s claw-like mouthparts grasp the female’s. In some cases, the male will inject her with a small amount of venom, perhaps as a means of pacifying her. Once mating is complete, they separate. The male generally retreats quickly, most likely to avoid being cannibalised by the female, although sexual cannibalism is infrequent with scorpions. Scorpions glow fluorescent under black lights, so I imagine the scorpions basking in a fluorescent afterglow after completing their courtship.
The third movement, The Tale of Orion, is inspired by an ancient Greek myth. According to legend, Orion boasted to goddess Artemis and her mother, Leto, that he would kill every animal on earth. Although Artemis was known to be a hunter herself, she offered protection to all creatures. Artemis and her mother sent a scorpion to deal with Orion. The pair battled and the scorpion killed Orion. The contest was apparently lively enough to catch Zeus’s attention, so he raised the scorpion to heaven and afterwards, at the request of Artemis, did the same for Orion. This served as a reminder for mortals to curb their excessive pride. A second version describes Orion and Artemis growing fond of each other. Learning of this development, Apollo, Artemis’s twin brother, grew angry and sent a scorpion to attack Orion. After Orion was killed, Artemis asked Zeus to put Orion up in the sky. So every winter Orion hunts in the sky, but every summer he flees as the constellation of the scorpion approaches. Scorpion Tales was commissioned by harpists Kathryn Andrews and Kristi Shade of Duo Scorpio through a grant from the American Harp Society.
A raga, the musical framework for the art music of India, is both a mode and a melodic form, and is associated with specific emotions and with a season or a time of day. (Definition : Le Petit Larousse, 2005)
In general a raga opens with a simple and quiet musical statement that is gradually amplified until all the elements of the music intertwine and catch fire.
Everything begins in this raga with a strange drumstick sliding on the metal strings of the harp to make a plaintive, distant sound; it resembles the song of a whale on the high seas. And off we go, riding the waves, until we come ashore in India with one of that land’s typical scales. We buy several percussion instruments, and then sail off again with the good old pentatonic scale oscillating between minor and major, spiced up by bells and antique cymbals … A raga for two harps with Indian spices and delicate Western flavors.
Commissioned by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation for “Québec in concert” production, the Raga was composed in 2006 for harpists Judy Loman and Jennifer Swartz.
♬ LISTEN: Raga – Excerpt – Duo Scorpio
Parvis was composed in 1974 and is in two sections, Cortege and Danse. The ever-present tuning key is used as a percussion instrument, with the harpist tapping on her tuning pins as well as using the tuning key in place of fingers to strike individual notes and to evoke metallic, forceful glissandi. The Danse movement is an energetic 7/8 moto perpetuo rhythm punctuated by quick downward glissandi played with fingernails, and numerous sections featuring the dry, percussive sound of notes being plucked close to the soundboard.
“Like the songs of John Lennon, the Imagine Series is the perfect harmonization of music with creativity to achieve an end result that is much greater than the sum of its parts. The Imagine Series Limited Edition is modeled after the white Steinway grand piano that John presented to Yoko Ono on her birthday in 1971. Each piano incorporates John’s signature, music, and a medallion indicating its uniqueness.”
musimelange had the privilege to have The No. 1 of the collection, donated for the “Meet the Artists @ The M Building” evening by The Steinway Gallery in Coral Gables.
Before the concert, Jason DeLeo (sommelier) walked us through the French wines specially chosen to pair the César Franck Piano & Violin Sonata.
1. Maison De La Colline Sancerre “La Craie,” Loire Valley, 2010
2. Vincent Dauvissat Petit Chablis, Burgundy, 2009
3. Domaine Wienbach, Gewurztraminer “Cuvee Theo,” Alsace, 2007
4. Albert Morot, “Beaune Ceurons 1er Cru,” Burgundy, 2007
5. Nicolas Jaboulet, St-Joesph, Rhone Valley, 2007
6. Chateau Michel De Vert Lussac Saint-Emilion, Bordeaux, 2009
mmm! Cheese Table offer by The M Building-Wynwood Art District Miami.
After a weekend of concerts with The Miami Symphony, violinist Ilya Kaler, the only violinist to win Gold Medals at these three highly prestigious competitions: Tchaikovsky, Sibelius & Paganini, performed the César Franck Sonata in A Major for violin and piano with the Miami Symphony Orchestra pianist, Ciro Fodere in the magical living room of The M Building. So passionate! Perfect for a Valentine’s Day. Then Mr. Kaler performed with ease and perfection a virtuoso piece: The Kreisler’s Recitativo and Scherzo for violin solo.
Special Encore: J.S. Bach Double violin Concerto with Ilya Kaler & Anne Chicheportiche; accompanied by a string quartet and piano composed of New World School of the Arts professeur & one student from the Special Development Program.
The Lovely Daze Desserts Desserts Table:
1. Lovely Daze in a glass:
2. Lovely Daze Macarons:
3. Lovely Daze Petit Fours:
Juan Diego will be performing with the MISO and musimelange in March 2012.
Learning toque jerezano from native maestros such as El Carbonero and Jose Luis Balao, Juan Diego dove head first into studying flamenco guitar at the ripe old age of ten. He completed his training with Manolo Sanlucar and, in music theory, with Luis Balaguer. Enrolled in the Albarizuela
Children’s Ballet, he went on his first international tour. He thus began a solid career in dance accompaniment which he would develop after moving to Madrid around 1989. Juan Diego then joined the Rafael Aguilar company, performing “Carmen”.
Following this he worked with Luisillo in “Luna de sangre”, whose music he wrote; and then joined the Joaquin Cortes Company, coinciding with the premiere of “Cibayi”. He has also composed dance scores for Antonio el Pipa-“Herencia gitana”-and for Antonio Vargas-“La casa de Bernarda Alba”. Additionally, he has accompanied bailaores such as Joaquin Grilo, Juana Amaya, Merche Esmeralda and Antonio Canales, among others.
As a studio guitarist, Juan Diego has recorded with Remedios Amaya, Jorge Pardo, Sorderita, Pepe de Lucia; accompanying many of them live. Heterodox artists such as Tomasito and Maria Jimenez call on his toque from time to time. Juan Diego launched his first solo album, “Luminaria”, in Autumn 2003, with the collaboration of musicians like Jorge Pardo, Carles Benavent, Remedios Amaya and Diego Carrasco. The recording received the flamenco critics’ award in 2004. The international high-quality audio company Bose chose the Jerez-born guitarist and his music as the stars of the demo DVD to be used to promote their new home cinema equipment beginning in Summer 2005.
LISTEN: Malika by Juan Diego Mateos